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Treating arthritis

October 6, 2017

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Treating arthritis

Osteoarthritis (or arthritis) is the most common disease of joints affecting adults worldwide. Typically, arthritis affects synovial joints. These joints have cartilage lining the bone surfaces and a joint capsule filled with synovial fluid. The cartilage and synovial fluid ensure the bones can move painlessly and with low friction to each other.1

 

In arthritis, the cartilage decreases in thickness and eventually cracks. Once damaged, cartilage cannot recover and bone surfaces to come in contact with each other. The bones respond by expanding and forming osteophytes. Ultimately, it leads to  joint pain and loss of function.1

Risk Factors 2

· Age

· Obesity

· Joint hypermobility or instability

· High-impact sports

· Repetitive knee bending

· Injury to joint

· History of immobilization

· Family history

 

Signs & Symptoms 2

· Pain in the joint

· Joint tenderness

· Morning stiffness

· Sensitivity when kneeling or bending

· Decrease in function

· Decrease in muscle power

· Crepi